Tuesday, 30 August 2011


President: Nicolas Sarkozy (2007)

Prime Minister: François Fillon (2007)

Land area: 210,668 sq mi (545,630 sq km); total area: 211,209 sq mi (547,030 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 64,057,792 (growth rate: 0.5%); birth rate: 12.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.3/1000; life expectancy: 81.1; density per sq km: 100

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Paris, 9,854,000 (metro. area), 2,110,400 (city proper)

Other large cities: Marseille, 820,700; Lyon, 443,900; Toulouse, 411,800; Nice, 332,000; Nantes, 282,300; Strasbourg, 272,600; Bordeaux, 217,000

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly French franc) 


President: Tarja Halonen (2000)

Prime Minister: Matti Vanhanen (2003)

Land area: 117,942 sq mi (305,470 sq km); total area: 130,558 sq mi (338,145 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 5,255,068 (growth rate: 0.08%); birth rate: 10.3/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.4/1000; life expectancy: 79.1; density per sq km: 17

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Helsinki, 1,162,900 (metro. area), 582,600 (city proper)

Other large cities: Espoo, 229,500; Tampere, 201,200; Vantaa, 189,200; Turku, 178,100

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly markka)


President: Ratu Epeli Nailatikau (2009)

Prime Minister: Frank Bainimarama (2007)

Total area: 7,054 sq mi (18,270 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 957,780 (growth rate: 1.3%); birth rate: 21.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 11.2/1000; life expectancy: 71.03; density per sq km: 51

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Suva (on Viti Levu), 177,300

Monetary unit:
 Fiji dollar

Monday, 29 August 2011

information about beach


Beaches are the consequence of wave action by which waves or currents move sand or other loose sediments of which the beach is made as these particles are held in suspension. Alternatively, sand may be moved by saltation (a bouncing movement of large particles). Beach materials come from erosion of rocks offshore, as well as from headland erosion andslumping producing deposits of scree. Some of the whitest sand in the world, along Florida's Emerald Coast, comes from the erosion of quartz in the Appalachian Mountains. A coral reefoffshore is a significant source of sand particles.

The shape of a beach depends on whether or not the waves are constructive or destructive, and whether the material is sand or shingle. Constructive waves move material up the beach while destructive waves move the material down the beach. On sandy beaches, the backwash of the waves removes material forming a gently sloping beach. On shingle beaches the swash is dissipated because the large particle size allows percolation, so the backwash is not very powerful, and the beach remains steep. Cusps and horns form where incoming waves divide, depositing sand as horns and scouring out sand to form cusps. This forms the uneven face on some sand shorelines.

Some beaches are artificial; they are either permanent or temporary (For examples see Monaco, Paris, Copenhagen, Rotterdam, Toronto,Hong Kong and Singapore).
The soothing qualities of a beach and the pleasant environment offered to the beachgoer are replicated in artificial beaches, such as "beach style" pools with zero-depth entry and wave pools that recreate the natural waves pounding upon a beach. In a zero-depth entry pool, the bottom surface slopes gradually from above water down to depth. Another approach involves so-called urban beaches, a form of public parkbecoming common in large cities. Urban beaches attempt to mimic natural beaches with fountains that imitate surf and mask city noises, and in some cases can be used as a play park.
Beach nourishment involves pumping sand onto beaches to improve their health. Beach nourishment is common for major beach cities around the world; however the beaches that have been nourished can still appear quite natural and often many visitors are unaware of the works undertaken to support the health of the beach. Such beaches are often not recognized (by consumers) as artificial.

Sunday, 28 August 2011

New Zealand

Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)

Governor-General: Anand Satyanand (2006)

Prime Minister: John Key (2008)

Land area: 103,734 sq mi (268,671 sq km); total area: 103,737 sq mi (268,680 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 4,252,277 (growth rate: 0.9%); birth rate: 13.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.8/1000; life expectancy: 80.5; density per sq km: 15

Capital (2003 est.): Wellington, 342,500 (metro. area), 165,100 (city proper)

Largest cities: Auckland, 369,300 (metro. area), 359,500 (city proper); Christchurch, 334,100

Monetary unit: New Zealand dollar


Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)

Governor-General: Patrick Allen (2009)

Prime Minister: Bruce Golding (2007)

Land area: 4,181 sq mi (10,829 sq km); total area: 4,244 sq mi (10,991 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 2,847,232 (growth rate: 0.7%); birth rate: 19.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 14.9/1000; life expectancy: 73.4; density per sq km: 258

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Kingston, 937,700 (metro. area), 590,500 (city proper)

Monetary unit: Jamaican dollar


Ruler: King Abdullah II (1999)

Prime Minister: Marouf al-Bakhit (2011)

Land area: 35,344 sq mi (91,541 sq km); total area: 35,637 sq mi (92,300 sq km) excludes West Bank

Population (2010 est.): 6,407,085 (growth rate: 2.1%); birth rate: 27.0/1000; infant mortality rate: 17.0/1000; life expectancy: 79.9; density per sq km: 67

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Amman, 2,677,500 (metro. area), 1,293,200

Other large cities: Zarka, 512,200; Irbid, 267,200; As-Salt, 200,400

Monetary unit: Jordanian dinar


Emperor: Akihito (1989)

Prime Minister: Naoto Kan (2010)

Land area: 152,411 sq mi (394,744 sq km); total area: 145,882 sq mi (377,835 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 126,804,433 (growth rate: -0.24%); birth rate: 7.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 2.8/1000; life expectancy: 82.1; density per sq km: 339

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Tokyo, 35,327,000 (metro. area), 8,483,050 (city proper)

Other large cities: Yokohama, 3,494,900 (part of Tokyo metro. area); Osaka, 11,286,000 (metro. area), 2,597,000 (city proper); Nagoya, 2,189,700; Sapporo, 1,848,000; Kobe, 1,529,900 (part of Osaka metro. area); Kyoto, 1,470,600 (part of Osaka metro. area); Fukuoka, 1,368,900; Kawasaki, 1,276,200 (part of Tokyo metro. area); Hiroshima, 1,132,700

Monetary unit: Yen

Dating in different countries


There are information’s that guys are asking out girls for dates by text messaging. A recent study exposed that 50% of Australians decided it was allowable to request a date via a text message but not acceptable to break up with them this way. Flirting while texting, dubbed flirtext, was more likely to be done by girls after a relationship was started.A survey of newspaper readers suggested it was time to abandon the "old fashioned rule" of men paying for the first date, based on women's greater earning capacity.
A dating show on TV features three couples who live under one roof, but who can only have contact in a "specially created dark room", and the show is scheduled to be hosted by Miss model Laura Dundovic.

Dating in Asia
Asia is a mix of conventional approaches with involvement by parents and extended families such as arranged marriages as well as modern dating. In many cultural traditions, including some in South Asia, and the Middle East and to some extent East Asia, as in the case of Omiai in Japan and the similar "Xiangqin" (相親) practiced in the Greater China Area, a date may be arranged by a third party, who may be a family member, acquaintance, or professional matchmaker. Internet dating has become popular in recent times.

Dating in Japan:

There is a type of courtship called Omiai in which parents hire a matchmaker to give resumes and pictures to potential mates for their approval, leading to a formal meeting with parents and matchmaker attending. If the couple has a few dates, they're often pressured by the matchmaker and parents to decide whether or not to marry. There are reports of men falling in "love" with digital simulations of women from video games, manga, and anime; one 27-year-old man known by the handle of "Sal 9000" staged a wedding in 2009, watched by thousands online, in which he married his favorite cartoon girl named "Nene Anegaskai".

Dating in Pakistan:

Marriages and courtship in Pakistan are influenced by traditional cultural practices similar to those elsewhere in the Indian subcontinent as well as Muslim norms and manners. Illegitimate relationships before marriage are considered a social taboo and social interaction between unmarried men and women is encouraged at a modest and healthy level. Couples are usually wedded through either an arranged marriage or love marriage. Love marriages are those in which the individuals have chosen a partner whom they like by their own choice prior to marriage, and usually occur with the consent of parents and family. Arranged marriages on the other hand are marriages which are set and agreed by the families or guardians of the two individuals where the couple may not have met before. In either cases and in consistency with traditional marital practices, individuals who marry are persuaded to meet and talk to each other for some time before considering marrying so that they can check their compatibility

Friday, 26 August 2011

United Kingdom

Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)

Prime Minister: David Cameron (2010)

Land area: 93,278 sq mi (241,590 sq km); total area: 94,526 sq mi (244,820 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 61,284,806 (growth rate: 0.2%); birth rate: 10.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.7/1000; life expectancy: 79.1; density per sq km: 246

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): London, 7,615,000 (metro. area), 7,429,200 (city proper)

Other large cities: Glasgow, 1,099,400; Birmingham, 971,800; Liverpool, 461,900; Edinburgh, 460,000; Leeds, 417,000; Bristol, 406,500; Manchester, 390,700; Bradford, 288,400

Monetary unit: Pound sterling (£)

Thursday, 25 August 2011

Wasim Akram

His full name is Wasim Akram Chaudary, His nick name was Sultan of swing, two w's with waqar younas and king of swing.
Wasim Akram was born at 3, June, 1996 at Lahore. He is a former Pakistani left arm bowler and very useful and aggressive left-handed batsman in cricket. He represented Pakistan National Cricket team in both form of cricket i.e test cricket and one day international matches.

Wasim Akram is one of the best fast bowlers in the cricket history. He holds the World record of most wickets with 881 and is second only to Muttiah Muralitharan of Sri Lanka in terms of one day international wickets with 502.

 Most importantly he is considered to be the founder the finest expert of reverse swing bowling. He was also one of the five members included in ICC Cricket Hall of Fame on 30 September 2009.

Akram’s Career

One day
Batting Average
Top Score
257 not out
Bowling Average
5 wickets in an inning
Best bowling

During his professional career he bowled with genuine speed and hostility. Akram was a man possessed of accurate control of line and length, accompanied by seam and swing bowling skills, extended to both inswingers and outswingers. With a very rapid bowling action, he could bowl equally well from both sides of the wicket. His mastery of reverse swingwith the cricket ball meant he was at his most dangerous towards a bowling innings, and earned him the nickname of one of the "Sultans of Swing", the other one being Waqar Younis.

As well as often being able to find the edge of the bat, Akram would also focus his bowling attack on the stumps and had a particularly lethal inswinging yorker. Of his 414 Test wickets, 193 were taken caught, 119 were taken leg before wicket and 102 were bowled. In partnership with Waqar Younis, he intimidated international batsmen in the 1990s. Together Wasim and Waqar, known as "the two Ws" of the Pakistani team, were one of the most successful bowling partnerships in cricket.